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How to Dispose of Empty Hazardous Materials Containers

Learn how to dispose of empty hazardous material containers at UC San Diego.

Disposal of empty hazardous material containers is strictly regulated. The disposal method depends on the container size, what it is made of, and the hazardous material it once contained.

If unsure about your container, please refer to the Lab Containers Flowchart in order to make the correct determination. 

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1. Was the material "hazardous" or "extremely hazardous"?

Determine whether the hazardous material the container once held was an extremely hazardous waste:

2. Confirm the container is really empty.

Containers that held a hazardous material are considered hazardous waste unless they are empty. In California, empty means drip/dry, a container is only CA empty when all pourable liquids no longer pour when the container is inverted and all non-pourable materials are scraped or otherwise removed.  In summary NO DRIPS = CA empty

 

A container is "empty" when all of the following conditions are met:

  • Liquid hazardous material containers:
    • No liquid can drain from it when tilted in any direction.
    • There is no hazardous material remaining that can feasibly be removed.
    • The walls have no encrusted material on them. (A thin layer of dried material is acceptable.)
  • Solid or non-pourable hazardous material containers (powders, sludges, grease, and thick resins):
    • The interior surface is scraped clean, with no residual material.
  • Aerosol containers:
    • The contents and pressure are completely dispensed.
    • The spray mechanism is in place and functional.
  • Gas cylinders:

If the container qualifies as "empty," go to Step 3.

If the container does NOT qualify as empty and cannot be emptied into a compatible hazardous waste receptacle, then the container and its contents must be collected by Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) for disposal as hazardous waste.

3. Dispose of empty containers according to requirement.

After determining your hazardous material container is an "empty" container according to the criteria above, dispose of it according to its size, following procedures below:

 

 ITEMS

 CONTAINER

 LABELING

 DISPOSAL

CLEAN / EMPTY GLASS & PLASTIC WASTE

Clean/Empty:

  • Chemical bottles
  • Glassware (broken &  intact)
  • Pipettes and tips

 glass waste box

  • Yellow Glass & Plastic Waste Label 
  • Non‐Hazardous Online Tag Program Label
yellow waste tagwhite waste tag
  • Request pickup in the  Online Tag Program
  • Containers will be picked up from the lab by EHS Staff

CLEAN / EMPTY PLASTICS

Clean/Empty:

  • Plastic pipettes
  • Plastic tips

Cardboard box lined with a plastic bag. Size so that total weight when full does not exceed 30 lbs. cardboard box

Green Plastic Waste Label

 

 green tag

 

  • Tape up box when full
  • Place in the hallway
  • Containers will be picked up from the lab by Custodians

 

Learn more about properly disposing of non-infectious & non-contaminated laboratory glassware.

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Notice: Disposal of hazardous waste using sinks, intentional evaporation, or as regular trash is against the law. Campus laboratories must abide by strict state and federal waste disposal requirements. You may be held liable for violations of applicable laws.