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Research Ethics

Learn about research ethics at UC San Diego.

The Research Ethics Program provides training and support for research ethics issues.

Research Misconduct

Research misconduct can be:

  • Fabrication: "making up data or results and recording or reporting them." (PPM 100-4)
  • Falsification: "manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the Research is not accurately represented in the Research Record." (PPM 100-4)
  • Plagiarism: "the appropriation of another person's words, ideas or research results without acknowledgement, and passing them off as one's own".(PPM 100-4)

Learn more about research misconduct:

Conflicts of Interest (COI)

A Conflict of Interest arises in research when outside financial interests may compromise the actions or judgments of a researcher. This includes the design, implementation and reporting of research. Even the appearance of compromised research must be addressed. Learn more about conflicts of interest:

Data Management

Proper data management seeks to provide both proper access to data and protection for the privacy of research participants. Many funding agencies require an explicit data management plan. Learn more about data management:


Authorship is frequently how credit is assigned for scholarship. Depending on the field, publication norms and potential collaboration, determining authorship can be a complex task. Learn more about authorship issues:


The reporting of possible misbehavior is referred to as 'whistleblowing.' A key element of ethical research is the ability and responsibility to report potentially unethical behavior through the proper channels. Learn more about whistleblowing: